Thucydides, Pericles, and the Idea of Athens in the Peloponnesian War

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  1. The Outbreak of the War (431 BCE) and Pericles' Strategy
  2. Thucydides - Biography, Peloponnesian War & Funeral Oration - HISTORY
  3. Thucydides
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  1. Thucydides: The Peloponnesian War/Meetings.
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He failed to prevent the capture of the important city of Amphipolis by the Spartan general Brasidas , who launched a sudden attack in the middle of winter. Because of this blunder, Thucydides was recalled, tried, and sentenced to exile. This, he says later, gave him greater opportunity for undistracted study for his History and for travel and wider contacts, especially on the Peloponnesian side—Sparta and its allies.

The Outbreak of the War (431 BCE) and Pericles' Strategy

He lived through the war, and his exile of 20 years ended only with the fall of Athens and the peace of The time and manner of his death are uncertain, but that he died shortly after is probable, and that he died by violence in the troubled times following the peace may well be true, for the History stops abruptly, long before its appointed end. His tomb and a monument to his memory were still to be seen in Athens in the 2nd century ad. This much at least is known: that three historians, Cratippus a younger contemporary , Xenophon who lived a generation later , and Theopompus who lived in the last third of the 4th century , all began their histories of Greece where Thucydides left off.

Xenophon, one might say, began the next paragraph nearly as abruptly as Thucydides ended his. It may also be inferred that parts of the History, and the last book in particular, are defective, in the sense that he would have written at greater length had he known more and that he was trying still to learn more— e. Thucydides supplemented his note stage throughout the project; even the most elaborated parts of the History may have been added right up to the time of his death—certainly many additions were made after the war was over.

All this is significant because Thucydides was writing what few others have attempted—a strictly contemporary history of events that he lived through and that succeeded each other almost throughout his adult life. He endeavoured to do more than merely record events, in some of which he took an active part and in all of which he was a direct or indirect spectator; he attempted to write the final history for later generations, and, as far as a man can and as no other man has, he succeeded.

It is obvious that he did not rush his work; the last of the complete narrative stage three, above took him to the autumn of , eight and a half years before the end of the war, the last of stage two, to six and a half years before.

Thucydides - Biography, Peloponnesian War & Funeral Oration - HISTORY

During these last years he was observing, inquiring, writing his notes, adding to or modifying what he had already written; at no time before the end, during all the 27 years of the war, did he know what that end would be nor, therefore, what would be the length and the final shape of his own History. It is evident that he did not long survive the war since he did not leave any connected account, even at stage two, of the last six years.

But in what he lived to complete, he wrote a definitive history. You are using an outdated browser. Please upgrade your browser to improve your experience and security.

Thucydides

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The Golden Age of Athens and the Peloponnesian Wars

The first session of the book reading club was a success! Though, i think we need a certain task with the texts that we read. Yesterday i told you some of my ideas with the text, but you didn't know what was coming and we both had no idea on what to do with the text.


  • Historical Context for History of the Peloponnesian War by Thucydides.
  • Thucydides, Pericles, and the Idea of Athens in the Peloponnesian War;
  • Bibliography.
  • Definition?
  • Ghost Bride?
  • Perhaps for the next session, we could help improve the Wikipedia articles related to the Peloponnesian War, or perhaps think of some questions related to the text. Another idea is that we could both write a small summary of the text and think of some points which could bring up a discussion.

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    It would be much better if others would join. Than a real debate is possible with several conflicting views.

    Definition

    We were both on the same side with the conflict that i made apparent, so there was no space for a juicy discussion on the topic.